Tick-borne Disease information line: (845) 486-3407
- About Tick-borne Diseases -
Tick-borne diseases are a set of distinct diseases with similar signs and symptoms that are transmitted to humans by tick bites. In the United States, these diseases include: Lyme disease, Anaplasmosis/Ehrlichiosis, Babesiosis, Powassan disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), and Tick Paralysis. The illnesses associated with these diseases can vary from mild symptoms treated at home, to severe infections requiring hospitalization for care, with the potential for death in rare cases.
Avoiding ticks and the places where they live is the first line of defense in preventing exposure to tick-borne diseases. You can also reduce your risk of tick bites by using an EPA registered insect repellent. Keeping a can of insect repellent easily accessible near the front door, in the shed, garage, or car is a good way to make sure it gets used consistently. Using shoes, clothes and other outdoor gear that have been treated with permethrin is another effective way to reduce tick bites. Frequent and thorough body checks for ticks are also important in reducing risk of disease transmission because the longer a tick remains attached, the greater the likelihood it will transmit disease. Upon returning indoors, putting clothes in the dryer on high heat for at least 30 minutes will kill any ticks lingering on the fabric. Additional prevention tips can be found in our Science-based Answers to Tick-borne Disease Prevention Questions and at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website.